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從《老友記》看合作原則在稱贊語及回應中的應用

時間:2019-05-22 13:05來源:英語論文
Application of CP in the Compliments and Responses in Friends英語論文從《老友記》看合作原則在稱贊語及回應中的應用

摘 要合作原則是由美國語言學家格萊斯在1967年在他的著作《邏輯與會話》中提出來的,格萊斯認為我們人類正常的語言交流不是有一系列毫無聯系的話語組合出來的,而是受到一定條件限制的,成功的談話是雙方努力的結果。在談話時為了達到交流的目的,我們需要相互配合,而且也要遵守一定的規則。如果我們遵守了這些規則,那么也就達到了交流的目的,反之,如果我們違反了規則但別人又理解又理解你所表達的意思,這就產生了會話含義,這時就是合作原則在起作用。本文以《老友記》為原型,通過采用描寫和解釋相結合的方法來研究格萊斯的合作原則在稱贊語及回應中的應用。通過這個研究,使我們更加深入了解合作原則在我們會話中所起到的重要作用及其帶來的益處。35643
畢業論文關鍵詞:合作原則;《老友記》;稱贊語及其回應
 Abstract Herbert Paul Grice proposed Cooperative Principle in his Logic and Conversation in 1967. He believes that the communications of our human beings are not combinations of a series of unrelated words, but subject to some restrictions, a successful conversation is a result of joint efforts made by both sides. when we are in a conversation, in order to achieve the purpose of communication, we need to cooperate with each other, and sometimes to comply with certain rules. On the other hand, if we break the rules, people still understand what we mean. It is the cooperative principle that is at work. In this paper, I will use Friends as prototype, then adopts the method of description and explanation to study the application of the cooperative principle in the compliments and responses. By studying this topic, we can further know the importance and benefits of CP in our daily conversation.
Key words: Cooperative Principle; Friends; compliments and responses 源`自*六)維[論*文'網www.mmeqir.tw
Contents
摘 要    i
Abstract    ii
Ⅰ. Introduction    1
Ⅱ. A Historical Retrospection of CP    2
2.1 Improvements on Cooperative Principle    2
2.2 Complements to Cooperative Principle    2
2.3 Negations of Cooperative Principle    3
Ⅲ.Theoretical Framework of Cooperative Principle    4
3.1 The Cooperative Principle    4
3.2 Violation of the Maxims    6
Ⅳ. The Application of the Cooperative Principle in the Compliments and Responses    8
4.1 The Correct Application    8
4.1.1 Maxim of Quantity    8
4.1.2 Maxim of Quality    8
4.1.3 Maxim of Relation    9
4.1.4 Maxim of Manner    9
4.2 Violation of Cooperative Principle    10
4.2.1 Violation of Maxim of Quantity    10
4.2.2 Violation of Maxim of Quality    11
4.2.3 Violation of Maxim of Relation    12
4.2.4 Violation of Maxim of Manner    13
Ⅴ.Conclusion    14
Bibliography    16
Acknowledgements    17
Application of CP in the Compliments and Responses in Friends
Ⅰ. Introduction
Friends, a humor comedy series, which is recognized as one of the most successful and influential American TV series in the world. This play premiered in the NBC, launched on September 22, 1994 and ended on May 6, 2004, a total of 236 sets (ten seasons), which has a history of 20 years since its release, until today it is still popular around the world. The story is set in Manhattan in a circle of friends, describing the six ordinary young people’s emotional ups and downs, twists and turns in their career and life, going through a lot of things hand in hand. The humorous conversations and vivid characters in Friends made Friends popular overnight. The details of their lives is so real, which deeply attracted numerous television audiences. 從《老友記》看合作原則在稱贊語及回應中的應用:http://www.mmeqir.tw/yingyu/20190522/33676.html
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